I was requested by the Democratic Recount Committee to provide a sworn affidavit regarding the necessity of a hand recount in the disputed Florida precincts. The testimony was presented as part of the defense brief in the 11th Circuit Court of Appeals, Atlanta, November 17, 2000. The document is linked here as a pdf file, and can also obtained through direct request to the 11th Circuit Court. Reference to this affidavit was made in Brief in opposition for respondents Gore et al. in Nos. 00-836 and 00-837 to the . Supreme Court.