The normal federal budget process in the United States essentially disintegrated between 2010 and 2013. Because Republicans controlled the House of Representatives while Democrats controlled the Senate, no agreement could be reached on annual budgets. Instead, government spending levels were set with “continuing resolutions”—extensions of levels dictated by the Budget Control Act (BCA) of 2011, legislation passed to resolve the debt ceiling crisis of the summer of 2011. The BCA mandated steep cuts in domestic discretionary spending, spending that must be appropriated each year and which largely excludes the expensive social insurance programs such as Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid, and the newly passed Affordable Care Act.
Despite sovereign debt having risen substantially in only a few eurozone countries, with the three most affected countries Greece, Ireland and Portugal collectively only accounting for 6% of the eurozone's gross domestic product (GDP),  it has become a perceived problem for the area as a whole,  leading to speculation of further contagion of other European countries and a possible break-up of the eurozone. In total, the debt crisis forced five out of 17 eurozone countries to seek help from other nations by the end of 2012.
A dynamic General English course based on internationally-recognized goals and standards developed by CEFR and University of Cambridge. Focusing on real-life communication, students acquire the full-range of skills and knowledge, including listening, speaking, reading, writing, vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation. Students see their progress clearly and easily through "Can Do" statements showing the mastering of certain communicative tasks at the end of each week. Each course is made up of two periods, taught by a separate teacher.