Because your abstract will be published in Masters Abstracts International or in Dissertation Abstracts International , please write and proofread it carefully. When possible, avoid including symbols or foreign words in your abstract, as they cannot be indexed or searched. Avoid mathematical formulas, diagrams, and other illustrative materials in the abstract. Offer a brief description of your thesis or dissertation and a concise summary of its conclusions. Be sure to describe the subject and focus of your work with clear details and avoid including lengthy explanations or opinions.
Bullying does not necessarily happen among the student community but it can also happen to the members of the teaching and staff. It is brought about by many different factors ranging from a feeling of contempt towards a certain person due to their physical attributes, color of their skin, religion, financial status or social class. Bullying in schools can to some extent be seen as a discrimination of some kind depending on how an individual perceives things. Bullying can be delivered verbally or in some extreme cases physically where the victim suffers actual bodily harm. A school administrator who is overbearing on his/her junior staff can be seen as a bully who eventually leads to strained work relations among their charges. When bullying is not stopped or is let to go on unchecked, it really affects the overall performance of a student. This is because a student who feels bullied by a fellow student might opt not to attend a certain lesson to avoid the bully, this will definitely be reflected in that students’ overall academic performance in that particular subject. Bullying can also breed defiance to authority among the students and staff who might feel oppressed or downtrodden by the bullying leading to a breakdown in the authoritative structure in an institution.