Like Plato and Aristotle, our nation’s founders worried about tyrannical government. Recognizing that tyranny could come from a single powerful ruler or from “mob rule,” the founders wrote into the Constitution mechanisms to prevent tyranny and promote the rule of law. They separated the powers of government into three equal branches of government: the executive (the president), the legislative (Congress), and the judicial (the Supreme Court). Each branch can check the other to prevent corruption or tyranny. Congress itself is divided into the House of Representatives and the Senate. The House, elected for two-year terms, is more likely to be swayed by the passions of the people than the Senate, elected to six-year terms. The Constitution further limits the powers of the government by listing its powers: The government may not exercise any power beyond those listed. The first 10 amendments to the Constitution, the Bill of Rights, protect people’s liberties and freedoms from government encroachment. In creating the judicial branch of government, the framers gave federal judges lifetime terms, thus ensuring that judges would base their decisions on the law and not on politics.
Plato begins his investigation using his interlocutor Socrates to argue that it Ð²Ð‚?Ð²Ð‚¦is difficult to see whether we perform all our functions with the same part of us, or each with a different partÐ²Ð‚¦Ð²Ð‚™ . He establishes what can arguably be known as an embryonic form of the Aristotelian law of non-contradiction, in that Ð²Ð‚?Ð²Ð‚¦one and the same thing cannot act or be affected in opposite ways at the same time in the same part of it and relation to the same objectÐ²Ð‚¦Ð²Ð‚™ . What Socrates wishes to show is that if there are two conflicting sources of motivation towards a particular object, then they cannot derived from a single psychological source and so Ð²Ð‚?Ð²Ð‚¦we