“All he had to say was, ‘leave now,'” she said in a video interview with journalist Kevin P. Roberson. Instead, Nkumbi said, he yelled: “You people, you are not the great artist that you think you are. You are not the queen that you think you are. This is not Africa. You need to leave now.” Nkumbi and her colleagues were in the process of checking out of an Airbnb apartment managed by the attacker’s wife. They were in Amsterdam to attend the opening of Muholi’s exhibition at the Stedelijk Museum .
The local homeland economies were not developed. Bantustans relied almost entirely on White South Africa’s economy. Farming was not very viable largely because of the poor agricultural land in the homelands. In addition, Blacks owned only thirteen percent of South Africa’s land. These farm lands were in a poor condition because of soil erosion, and over grazing. As a result, millions of Blacks had to leave the Bantustans daily and work in the mines, for White farmers and other industries in the cities. The homelands served as labour reservoirs, housing the unemployed and releasing them when their labour was needed in White South Africa.