An officer of their own regiment writes in the Times about what happens next: “When it became evident that the position could not be held against the overwhelming force of rebels, which was rapidly approaching, the men of this company, having the certainty of an ignominious death before them if they should be captured, proposed to the officer in command to pilot the force at the outpost in safety to Newbern, by paths through the woods known only to themselves. But unfortunately, they were temporarily in charge of officers not belonging to their own regiment, who were either ignorant of the blood-thirsty character of the enemy, or too timid to fight to the death, if flight were deemed impracticable. Had these men been commanded by officers of their own regiment, they all would have escaped, or, as preferable to their inevitable doom if taken prisoners, would have found a more honorable death on the field. As it was, they were sternly forbidden to leave the ranks, and, without a shot being fired, or the stipulation secured that they should be treated as prisoners of war, they were surrendered.”
With regard to the command structure, the Commander in chief or the Chief of army staff works or heads the army form the headquarters situated in Rawalpindi. The Principal Staff Officers (PSO) who aid him in carrying out his responsibilities at the Lieutenant General level comprise of firstly a Chief of General Staff (CGS); it is under him that the Military operations and intelligence directors functions. Then under the CGS comes the Chief of logistics Staff, the Adjutant General, the Quarter master General, the Inspector General of Training and Evaluation and the Military Secretary. According to a great reorganization in September 2008 under General Ahfaq Kiyani, two new PSO positions were created, these are the Inspector General Arms and the inspector General Communications and IT, thus increasing the number of PSO positions to eight.
Nonetheless, efforts to bring in the educated seem to have wrought their intended effect. The People’s Liberation Army’s Navy (PLAN), a focal point of modernization, is becoming increasingly professional. It is now capable of offering crucial support and training in anti-piracy, and in April, . Rear Admiral Marcus Hitchcock extended high praise to a “completely professional” PLAN in the South China Sea. At the July 2016 Rim of the Pacific Exercise (RIMPAC), the world’s largest international maritime warfare exercise, the . Navy and PLAN successfully conducted the first submarine rescue exercise in RIMPAC history.